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Html Generation

The first example below illustrates the generation template capability of Umple. It is an html generation library. The second example is a program that uses the second example.

Example

// Umple library for generating html
// Currently it supports h1, h2 ... as well as p, and table tags.
// This will be extended to support more of html later
// It serves as an illustration of Umple's generation templates

// Class representing either a top level html node or a collection of subnodes
class HtmlNode {
  String getContent() {return "";};  // should be abstract
}

// Simple text to be output between tags - these are leaves
class HtmlTextNode {
  isA HtmlNode;
  String content;
}

// Non-leaf nodes in the html tree
class HtmlRegularNode {
  isA HtmlNode;
  const String Xmltagstart = "<";
  const String Xmltagend = ">";

  // Arguments for the constructor
  String tag; // e.g. p, h1, a
  String arguments; // e.g. href
  
  0..1 -> * HtmlNode subnodes; // whatever to emit between tags
  
  // The following template will render any html node
  rendering <<!<<=Xmltagstart>><<=getTag()>> <<=getArguments()>><<=Xmltagend>>
  <<#
  for(HtmlNode n : getSubnodes()) {#>><<=n.getContent()>>
  <<#}#>><<=Xmltagstart>>/<<=getTag()>><<=Xmltagend>>!>>
  
  emit getContent()(rendering);
  
  HtmlTable table() {
    HtmlTable t = new HtmlTable();
    addSubnode(t);
    return t;
  }
  
  HtmlTextNode text(String s) {
    HtmlTextNode t = new HtmlTextNode(s);
    addSubnode(t);
    return(t);
  }

  HtmlRegularNode taggedText(String tag, String arguments, String s) {
    HtmlRegularNode r = new HtmlRegularNode(tag, arguments);
    HtmlTextNode t = new HtmlTextNode(s);
    r.addSubnode(t);
    addSubnode(r);
    return(r);
  }
}

class HtmlTable {
  isA HtmlRegularNode;

  HtmlTable() {
    super("table","");
  }

  HtmlRow tr() {
    HtmlRow r = new HtmlRow();
    addSubnode(r);
    return r;
  }  
}

class HtmlRow {
  isA HtmlRegularNode;

  HtmlRow() {
    super("tr","");
  }

  // Add a cell that contains text
  HtmlCell td(String s) {
    HtmlCell c = td();
    c.text(s);
    return(c);
  }

  // Add a cell that can contain anything
  HtmlCell td() {
    HtmlCell c = new HtmlCell();
    addSubnode(c);
    return c;
  }
}

class HtmlCell {
  isA HtmlRegularNode;

  HtmlCell() {
    super("td","");
  }
}

class HtmlGen {

  lazy HtmlNode firstNode;

  // Subtrees for the header and body
  0..1 -> * HtmlNode headerNodes;
  0..1 -> * HtmlNode bodyNodes;
 
  after constructor {
    firstNode = new HtmlTextNode(filehead());
  }

  filehead <<!!>>
  emit filehead()(filehead);

  xmlns <<!xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en"!>>
  emit xmlns()(xmlns);
  
  wholefile <<!<<=getFirstNode().getContent()>>

  
  <<#for(HtmlNode h: getHeaderNodes()) {#>>
    <<=h.getContent()>>
  <<#}#>>
  
  
  <<#for(HtmlNode h: getBodyNodes()) {#>>
    <<=h.getContent()>>
  <<#}#>>
  

!>>
    
  emit wholefile()(wholefile);

  // Creates a new simple node; but does not add it anywhere
  HtmlRegularNode simpleNode(String tag, String content) {
    HtmlTextNode t = new HtmlTextNode(content);
    HtmlRegularNode r = new HtmlRegularNode(tag,"");
    r.addSubnode(t);
    return r;
  }

  // Add a top level node of any type that contains a string
  HtmlNode addNode(HtmlNode n) {
    addBodyNode(n);
    return n;
  } 

  // Add a node of any type that contains a string
  HtmlRegularNode addSimpleNode(String tag, String text) {
    HtmlRegularNode t = simpleNode(tag,text);
    addBodyNode(t);
    return t;
  } 

  // Adds a top level header at a certain level with plain text
  // Subsequent calls can be made to add additional elements
  // to the result
  HtmlRegularNode h(int level, String text) {
    return addSimpleNode("h"+level,text);
  } 

  // Adds a top level p with plain text
  // Subsequent calls can add additional elements to the p
  // beyond just the text
  HtmlRegularNode p(String text) {
    return addSimpleNode("p",text);
  } 

    
  // Adds a top level table
  HtmlTable table() {
    HtmlTable t = new HtmlTable();
    addBodyNode(t);
    return t;
  }
}


      

Load the above code into UmpleOnline

 

Another Example

// Umple program demonstrating generation
// of the html generation library for Umple

use ../HtmlGeneration.ump;

class TimesTable {
  public static void main(String[] argv) {
    int times = 10; // default
    HtmlGen h = new HtmlGen();
    HtmlRegularNode p;

    if(argv.length > 0) {
      times=Integer.parseInt(argv[0]);
    }
    
    // Specify the table main header
    h.h(1, "Multiplication Table: "+times);

    // Generate an explanatory paragraph
    p = h.p("The following is a ");
    p.taggedText("i","","simple");
    p.text(" multiplication table");
    
    // Generate another paragraph with some subnodes
    // showing a slightly different use of the API
    p = new HtmlRegularNode("p","");    
    h.addNode(p);
    p.text("Nodes in ");
    p.taggedText("font", "color=\"red\"", "red");
    p.text(" are powers of 3");

    h.h(2, "The table");

    // Create a table at the top level
    HtmlTable t=h.table();

    // Add the top row of the table
    HtmlRow r;
    r=t.tr();
    r.td("*");
    for(int i=1; i<= times; i++) {
      r.td().taggedText("b","",""+i);;
    }

    // Add the interior rows of the table
    for(int i=1; i<= times; i++) {
      r=t.tr();
      r.td().taggedText("b","",""+i);
      for(int j=1; j<= times; j++) {
        String output=""+i*j;
        if((i*j)%3==0) {
          HtmlCell c = r.td();
          c.taggedText("font", "color=\"red\"",output);
        }
        else {
          r.td(output);
        }
      }
    }
    
    System.out.println(h.wholefile()); 
  }
}


      

Load the above code into UmpleOnline